HomeBlogWhat Are the Different Types of Oxygen Masks?
Oxygen masks come in all shapes and sizes, and there are several types for different situations and patient needs. Understanding the various types of oxygen masks is essential for the best patient care. Keep reading to learn more about all the common types of oxygen masks and their benefits.
Types of Oxygen Masks
There are several types of oxygen masks– from capnography masks for surgical use to oxygen concentrator masks for sleep apnea. But they all have one thing in common: oxygen is delivered through the mask and is meant to help you breathe.
Here are the most common types of oxygen masks, how they work, when medical professionals use them, and their key differences.
A non-rebreather mask oxygen therapy device covers a patient’s nose and mouth and attaches to an oxygen tank. The oxygen tank regulates the flow of oxygen to the mask. A one-way valve between the mask and oxygen reservoir prevents exhaled air from being breathed in again.
When you are wearing a non-rebreather mask, you don’t inhale anything you exhale. This means you only receive oxygen. Non-rebreather masks deliver oxygen at higher concentrations, up to 70% to 100%. This is important for people who have difficulty breathing or cannot get enough oxygen on their own.
Non-rebreather masks are most often used in hospitals by medical professionals, but you can also use them at home with the proper oxygen equipment. Doctors mainly prescribe them for:
Carbon Monoxide poisoning
One downside of non-rebreather masks is that they can be uncomfortable to wear for long periods of time. They also need to be appropriately fitted to work correctly, so getting help from a medical professional is crucial if you plan on using one.
Simple Oxygen Masks
A simple oxygen mask oxygen therapy device covers the mouth and nose and is attached to an oxygen tank. It delivers oxygen at concentrations of up to 35% to 55%.
Simple masks are used for oxygen therapy because they are less intrusive than other types of oxygen masks and provide a lower oxygen concentration. This makes them more comfortable to wear for long periods of time. They can be used at home or in hospital settings.
One downside of simple oxygen masks is that they do not provide as high of a concentration of oxygen as other types of oxygen masks.
Partial Rebreather Mask
A partial rebreather mask oxygen therapy device covers a patient’s nose and mouth and attaches to an oxygen tank. A one-way valve between the mask and oxygen reservoir allows some exhaled air to be breathed in again.
About one-third of the air you exhale goes back into the bag, and the other two-thirds vents into the atmosphere.
Partial rebreather masks are used during oxygen therapy because they deliver oxygen at higher concentrations than simple oxygen masks, up to 50% to 70%. This is important for people who have difficulty breathing or are not able to get enough oxygen on their own. Partial rebreather masks can be used in hospital settings.
A nasal cannula oxygen therapy device is a small, flexible tube that goes under the nose and delivers oxygen to the lungs. It is attached to an oxygen tank.
Nasal cannulas are used during oxygen therapy because they are less intrusive than other types of oxygen masks and provide a lower oxygen concentration– 24% to 45%. It is a low-flow system and mixes oxygen with air in the room.
Clinicians typically use nasal cannula on patients with a mouth injury, claustrophobia, general discomfort, or if they’re otherwise unable to wear a full mask.
A capnography mask oxygen therapy device is a mask that covers the mouth and nose of a patient and attaches to an oxygen tank. It also has a small tube that goes under the patient’s nose and connects to a monitor. The oxygen tank regulates the oxygen flow to the mask, and the monitor measures the amount of carbon dioxide in the patient’s exhaled breath.
Capnography masks are used during oxygen therapy to measure the amount of carbon dioxide in a patient’s exhaled breath. This information can be used to adjust the oxygen flow rate and ensure that the patient is receiving the correct amount of oxygen. Hospitals and medical practices use capnography masks during procedures or when oxygen therapy is being administered.
Procedural Oxygen Mask
The Procedural Oxygen Mask (POM) is a type of capnography mask for bronchoscopy, conscious sedation, endoscopy, and other procedures. It is a top FDA-approved mask for procedural sedation and delivers 80% to 90% FiO2.
Its key feature is its dual membranes for oral and nasal probes. These transparent membranes allow clinicians to insert probes, scopes, and tubes through the mask without obstructing their view. It also allows them to maintain a high oxygen delivery percentage to the patient. It also provides proven oxygen rate monitoring, increasing patient safety.
There are a variety of oxygen masks available, each with its own purpose. Simple oxygen masks are less intrusive and provide a lower concentration of oxygen, while partial rebreather masks deliver oxygen at higher concentrations.
Nasal cannulas are less intrusive than other types of oxygen masks but only provide a lower oxygen concentration. Capnography masks measure the amount of carbon dioxide in a patient’s exhaled breath. POM is a top-of-the-line capnography mask for procedural sedation.
Click here to learn more about POM and its benefits.